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Bone Grafting


This is required when there are significant defects in the jaw bone, often caused by trauma to the face, cancers or congenital deformities. The surgery involves repairing the area with the patients own bone which is harvested from other parts of the body such as the hip bone. This requires a general anaesthetic  procedure.


The maxillary sinus is the area above your upper teeth and travels up to your eye socket. The sinus expands as we get older. In some people, the upper teeth sit in the bone very close to the sinus cavity. When these teeth are removed, what remains is often only a very thin layer of bone. For dental implants to be inserted, this bone will need to be widened and strengthened. For this to happen,

the sinus needs to be lifted and some bone grafting needs to be done. This is a less invasive procedure than major bone grafting. There are now available grafting materials which encourage bone regeneration in these areas. After a few months, the bone will regenerate and implants can be placed in the area.

Photo of artificial bone for dental impl


In order to place implants, the bone in the jaw needs to have a certain height and/or width. In some people though, some areas of the jaw bone are narrow and thin  and will not hold an implant. In these cases, 'ridge augmentation' can be done. This procedure expands and 'grows' the bone to be an acceptable width for implant placement.

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